On September 19, 2016, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) issued a 174-page report titled “Forensic Science in Criminal Courts: Ensuring Scientific Validity of Feature-Comparison Methods”. Read
Prosecutor-focused courses in law schools are an excellent way for prosecutors to expose law students to their work and to have students available to do research on prosecution issues. Statewide Best Practices Committees have benefited from working with their local law schools to develop classes that can focus on emerging issues and policy questions.
One of the many benefits of being part of the Best Practices network is the ability to share information with prosecutors across the country about promising programs and how to implement them. Prosecutors’ Center for Excellence (PCE) held a two-day conference in Boston on July 19 and 20, 2016 with prosecutors from 17 states in attendance. One topic was how to create community programs on a shoe string.
Here is a sampling of the varied – and excellent — programs highlighted during the meeting:
An often difficult decision faced by prosecutors is whether to use evidence provided by a so-called jailhouse informant. Individuals, when incarcerated, may let their guard down with other inmates and speak freely about the crime with which they have been charged. They may also (perhaps falsely) claim to have committed some heinous act simply in an effort to “impress” fellow inmates. At the same time, inmates facing other charges may try to barter with law enforcement, providing information allegedly learned from a fellow inmate in exchange for some benefit, such as a lesser sentence. The negotiating inmate may have truly learned the information from the fellow inmate or may simply be making up a false statement to curry favor. It is left to the prosecutor to sort through all of these possibilities to get to the truth. PCE offers the following considerations to assist prosecutors in evaluating whether to call as a witness an informant (hereinafter “informant”) who purports to have heard incriminating statements from a fellow inmate (hereinafter “defendant”). It is understood that it may not be possible to follow every consideration listed below.
Witness intimidation and witness tampering can occur in any case, from simple misdemeanors to homicides. It has a variety of consequences from the silencing of an entire community, to the murder of a witness, to the recantation of truthful testimony. Though witness intimidation is an insidious problem, there are strategies throughout the investigation and prosecution of a case that can help to keep a witness safe and reduce the impact of intimidation.
June 30, 2016 — Volume 15
There has been great scrutiny of police-involved fatalities and how they are handled by prosecutors. Here are four thoughtful approaches by prosecutors on how they have reported their findings when no criminal charges are brought (in alphabetical order by jurisdiction). Three articles on this subject are also included.
June 23, 2016 — Volume 14
Around the country, prosecutors have supported the recording of custodial interrogations and have pushed for the creation of voluntary policies and, in some instances, endorsed legislation. Police have embraced this technology as well. The Colorado Best Practices Committee issued a report providing a national perspective on the progress made in this area. Also included are sample policies and articles from other states that reflect prosecutor’s leadership in promoting the recording of interrogations. Much of this work was spearheaded by Best Practices Committees.
May 19, 2016 — Volume 12
Boston – July 19 and July 20, 2016
BP Committees around the nation are spearheading exciting initiatives. Come to share ideas, get energized and enjoy each other’s company.
Prosecutors and prosecution coordinators from states with established committees and those considering starting a BP committee are invited to attend the National Best Practices meeting in Boston on Tuesday, July 19th, and half a day on Wednesday, July 20th (following the NDAA Summer Conference). Meetings will be held at the Westin Boston Waterfront, 425 Summer Street, Boston, Massachusetts. Hotel rooms can be reserved through NDAA (www.ndaajustice.org).
May 17, 2016 — Volume 11
“Best Practices for Prosecutors — A Nationwide Movement,” published in the ABA Criminal Justice Journal, highlights of some of the excellent best practices work from committees across the country. These committees support prosecutors in their mission to do justice, to build trust in the communities that they serve and to address emerging issues. Read
New Study: Expanded Eyewitness Jury Instruction Makes Jurors Suspicious of Any Eyewitness — Even in Strong Cases
Defense attorneys are increasingly seeking expanded jury instructions on the reliability of eyewitnesses in lieu of calling a defense expert. A recent study in New Jersey has demonstrated that jurors who received these instructions “indiscriminately discounted ‘weak’ and ‘strong’ testimony in equal measure.”